The city of Cartagena was declared Colombia National Heritage in 1959 and in 1982, the UNESCO World Heritage Comittee, included it in the list of the world heritage as «Port, Fortresses and Group of Monuments of Cartagena de Indias».
Tourism became a potential factor of the city thanks to its natural attractions and its rich history, manifested in the variety of architectural styles and also its natural beauties such as the beaches of “La Boquilla”, “Bocagrande”, “Castillogrande”, “Laguito” and the nearby Islands: “Islas del Rosario” and “Barú”.
It is everyone’s commitment to preserve these attractions by following certain recommendations.
For example, when visiting “Islas del Rosario”, an archipelago made up of coral reefs, you must know how to do so to cause the least possible impact and not degrade it. Some recommendations are:
-Avoid touching or carrying corals, plants and animals from the region.
-Refrain from collecting, extracting or buy crafts with animal parts.
-Do not throw cigarette butts or other debris into the sea.
-No fishing in the area.
-Make a proper disposal of solid waste using bins according to their classification or demarcation.
During your visit to the walled sector and monuments of the city:
-Do not throw garbage on the street.
-Respect and know the cultural traditions of the local community.
-Buy handicrafts and typical products of the region made by individuals or local businesses.
-Consult with your tour guide before taking pictures.
-Do not contribute to sexual and commercial exploitation of minors in our country is a crime. Law 679 of 2001.
Practical advice for tourists to be aware of what they should and should not do in their destinations and why their actions may endanger the biological wealth of the place they visit. The ten recommendations for sustainable tourism are:
1. When planning your trip, choose those providers that offer you quality and respect for human rights and the environment assurances.
2. Use natural resources, such as water and energy, in moderation. Remember that they are limited assets.
3. Try to minimize the generation of waste. They are a source of contamination.
4. When you have to dispose of a waste, do it the cleanest way you can.
5. In a natural space make sure that the only footprint left behind is the one of your footwear.
6. If you visit sensitive ecosystems, such as coral reefs or jungles, learn how to do that, so to minimize impact and not degrade them.
7. When buying gifts and souvenirs look for products that are an expression of the local culture. It will favor the economy of the peoples that welcome you and cultural diversity.
8. Do not buy flora and fauna protected by the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) or products derived from such species. It is a crime and contributes to its extinction. Help to conserve the natural environment. Protect flora and fauna and their habitat and do not buy products made from threatened plants or animals (Law 23 of 1973).
9. Respect cultural resources. Tourism activities should be practiced respecting the artistic, archaeological and cultural heritage. (Law 1185 of 2008)
10. At your destination, enjoy learning about the culture, customs, cuisine and traditions of local people. Respect them and approach them, they have too much to say.
Try to contribute with your presence to the development of responsible and sustainable tourism, building with your trip a healthier and more solid planet. Following these ten recommendations, tourists will contribute to conserve the biological wealth of the Earth and will improve the development opportunities of many people.